What could be causing pain in your pelvis?

A variety of conditions can cause pain in the pelvis, such as a urinary tract infection or kidney stones. Other causes include digestive problems, hernias, and digestive issues. Appendicitis is an emergency medical condition that can cause pain on the right side.

The area between your belly button and your thighs is your pelvis. This part of the body can cause pain for anyone.

Menstrual cramps are a common cause of pelvic discomfort. They’re nothing to be concerned about. Some causes of pelvic pain are more serious and may require a trip to the doctor or hospital.

This guide will help you determine what is causing your pelvic discomfort. See a doctor to get a diagnosis.

In this article, we will use the words “men” and “women”, which have historically been used to describe people of a particular gender. Your gender identity might not be the same as why you are experiencing pelvic pain. Your doctor will be able to help you better understand your unique circumstances and how they may affect diagnosis, symptoms, or treatment.

Causes of pelvic pain in both men and women

A wide range of conditions can cause pelvic pain. Some diseases affect both men and women, while others are gender-specific.

Take a look at a few general conditions that can cause pelvic pain.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs)

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) occurs when bacteria infect your urinary system. This includes the urethra and bladder. UTIs can be very common in women with female reproductive systems. In their lifetime, about 50% of women (Trusted Source) will have a UTI. This is usually in the bladder.

A UTI will usually cause pelvic pain. Pain is typically felt in the middle and around the pubic area of the pelvis.

Sexually transmitted infections

Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are bacterial infection that is transmitted by sexual activity.

In the United States, more than 616,000 cases of Gonorrhea have been diagnosed. In the United States, over 1.8 million people were diagnosed with chlamydia. The majority of cases are among people aged 15-24.

In most cases, Gonorrhea or chlamydia will not cause symptoms. Women can experience pain in the pelvis when urinating or having a bowel motion. Men can experience pain in their testicles.


A Hernia is caused when an organ, tissue, or muscle pushes through the weakest part of your abdominal, chest, or thigh muscles. It can cause a painful bulge. The bulge should either disappear or be pushed back into place when you lie flat.

Hernias are more painful when you cough, laugh, or bend over.

Other symptoms include

A heavy feeling around the bulge

Hernias are often weakened by pressure or weakness

Pain and swelling around testicles


The appendix is the thin tube attached to your large intestinal tract. In Appendicitis, the appendix is inflamed.

This condition can affect between 5 and 9 percent of people. Appendicitis occurs more often in teenagers and young adults but can affect anyone.

The pain can be sudden and severe. The pain is usually located in the lower-right part of your abdominal area. The pain may start at your belly button and then migrate to the lower right portion of your abdomen. When you cough or sneeze, the pain can get worse.

Kidney stones and infection

Kidney Stones are formed when minerals such as calcium or uric acids clump in urine to form hard stones. Kidney stones tend to be more common among people who have a male reproductive organ.

The majority of kidney stones do not cause symptoms until a certain size. This is when they become too large to pass through the ureters. (The small tubes that transport urine from the kidneys into the bladder). The lines are too small to stretch and move the stone, causing pain.

The ureter can cause pain by clamping on the stone to squeeze it out. This can lead to a painful spasm.

The pressure and pain can be severe if the stone is blocking the urine flow. This pain can be very powerful.

Pain can also radiate from your lower abdomen and groin. Pain can also occur when you urinate. The pain from kidney stones comes in waves, which get worse and then lessen.

If bacteria enter your kidneys, a kidney disease can develop. It can also cause back, side, and lower abdominal pain. Some people who have kidney stones may also be suffering from a kidney infection.

Other symptoms of kidney stones or infections include:

Blood in Your Urine may be Pink, Red, or Brown.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

IBS is and causes symptoms such as cramps. This is not the same thing as chronic inflammatory bowel disorder (IBD), which causes long-term inflammation in the digestive system.

About 12 percent of U.S. adults have IBS. IBS is twice as common in women as it is in men. It usually begins before the age of 50.

IBS can cause abdominal pains and cramps. These symptoms usually subside after you have a bowel motion.

Pudendal nerve entrapment

The pudendal neural provides feeling in your genitals. This nerve can be affected by an injury, surgery, or growth in the area where it enters or exits the pelvis.

Pudendal nerve entrapment causes nerve pain. The pain is like a deep, aching electric shock in the genitals (perineum), the area between the genitals and the rectum, and around the circumference of the rectum.

Pain tends to be worsened when you are seated and better when you get up or lie on your back.


Adhesions can be defined as bands of tissue similar to scar tissue that cause organs and tissues within your abdomen to stick together. Adhesions can develop after abdominal surgery. Adhesions can form in 90 percent of abdominal surgery patients.

Adhesions don’t always cause symptoms. Most commonly, they cause abdominal pain. Sharp pain and pulling sensations are frequently reported.

If your intestines get stuck together, they can cause severe abdominal pain.

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